The Cue Ball Starts Things Rolling
The cue ball is the ball that is hit first in almost all pool and billiards games. It is, of course, the white ball that is hit into all the other balls to knock them into the pockets or into the rails.
On regulation tables, the cue is the same size and weight as the other balls. The size of standard pool balls is a diameter of 2 1/4 inches and a weight of between 5 1/2 to 6 ounces.
On coin-operated pool tables, it is changed is some way, so it will come down a different chute in the table in case of a scratch, and be available for the next shooter.
It may be slightly bigger than the other balls or a heavier weight, so that it triggers whatever mechanism the table has, to send it to the opening where the shooter may retrieve it.
Pool balls today are made of cast phenolic resin plastic. This is a very strong material that can withstand the smashing around on the pool table for many years. For a little more in depth description of cue balls, see this page.
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