Pool Terminology 3

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"Follow" is caused by hitting the cue ball above center, thereby making it spin forward in the direction of travel. This causes the cue ball to "follow" the object ball after contacting it instead of stopping like it would normally do, and is used for cue position. The "ferrule" is the plastic piece on the end of the cue shaft that the cue tip is attached to. A "foul" is some illegal move or a breaking of the rules of the game, usually resulting in the shooter losing his shot.

"High balls" refers to the balls with the higher numbers of 9 through 15, which are also the striped balls. A "hustler" is a pool player that usually shoots well and tries to win money or other value from an opponent, sometimes through deceit or trickery. A

"jump shot" is one where the cue ball is "jumped" over another ball that is in the way of the object ball. The "joint" of the pool cue is where the pieces of a two piece cue are screwed together.


"lag" is one way to determine who shoots first when starting a pool game. Each shooter hits a ball from one rail, the long way down the table, bounces it off the far bank, and tries to stop his ball closest to the beginning rail. The closest ball wins the "lag" and that person shoots first. "Low balls" refers to the balls with the lower numbers 1 through 7, which are also the balls with the solid or non-striped paint scheme.

A cue tip "mushrooms" after is has been used a lot. When this happens the leather tip loses its shape and begins to flatten out and expand sideways into a mushroom-like shape, which adversely affects its shot-making abilities. A "miscue" occurs when the cue tip does not hit the cue ball correctly during a shot and glances off the side of the ball, causing it to travel in an incorrect direction. Chalking the cue before each shot helps avoid this occurrence.

"Nine ball" is the yellow striped ball and also refers to the popular game of the same name. This game is played with the 1 through 9 balls and is a rotation type game, where the balls are hit in numerical sequence, and the nine ball is pocketed last to win the game. "Open table" is called when the person who breaks does not make any balls on the break. The table is "open" for the opponent to shoot at his choice of balls.

The "object ball" is the ball that the shooter is aiming at and attempting to pocket. "One pocket" is a game where each shooter must drop all of his assigned balls into one particular pocket on the table. Each player has a different pocket from the other. A "pocket" is of course the hole where the balls are shot into. There are six on the modern pocket billiards table - one at each corner and one in the center of the long rails. The "pool cue" is the purpose-made stick for shooting pool balls.

Pool Terminology cont. - Page 4

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